In 1985 black women in the Netherlands felt the need to separate themselves from the white feminist struggle, with which they could not identify. They founded their own organization called Flamboyant. These black women had to face daily realities of racism and sexism which were neglected by most of the white feminist.
This became painfully at the surface during a conference on women history which took place in 1984 in Nijmegen. Women of color were totally ignored and therefor walked away from the conference. Within one week they organized their own conference which was the start of an important black feminist wave. The women of color united and named themselves “zmv women” (acronym of the Dutch words black, migrant and refugee).
In total 9 figures from the “zmv women” are portrayed by Kaersenhout under the title Proud Rebels (Rebelse Trots) as an homage to these early black emancipatory movement. The final result is made through embroidery with colored beads and pearls, executed by black women from Senegal under supervision and direction by Kaersenhout.